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Centre for North-East Research and Training

The North Eastern Region (NER) of India constitutes 7.9 per cent of country’s total geographical area and 3.8 per cent of total population of the country (Census, 2011). It stretches from the foothills of the Himalayas in the eastern range and is surrounded by Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Myanmar. It includes eight states- Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. Troubled by history and geo-politics, the NER has remained one of the most underdeveloped regions of the country. Inadequate infrastructure and poor governance is combined with low productivity and market access.
NER constitutes 3.6 per cent of India’s total workforce (2009–10). The labour scenario in the NER is quite unique compared to other regions of the country owing to a multitude of factors (including geographical, socio-economic and political). The region is marked by lower rate of industrialization and limited spread of modern service sector. The agricultural operations are also distinct (with the presence of unique systems like jhuming). Cultural ethos governing labour market participation is also different, which inter alia reflects on the distinctive composition of the labour force – across gender and social categories. Yet another important aspect is migration, which gets complicated due to several socio-political considerations – both in terms of internal migration of population (from within and outside the region) as well as in terms of influx of labourers across national boundaries.
It is in this context that the Institute has set up a new Centre named as Centre for North East (CNE) in 2009 to carry out policy oriented research and conduct workshops/seminars and training on issues related to labour, employment and social protection in the North Eastern Region. The research and training areas are as follows:
Core Research Areas of the Centre
  • Employment and Unemployment Trends and Challenges
  • Gender and Labour
  • Migration and Development
  • Social Security
  • Health and Labour
  • Livelihood Strategies
  • Sectoral Analysis
  • Skill Gap Studies
  • Industrial Relations & Regulations
  • Sociology of Labour & Workers’ Movement
Core Training Areas of the Centre
The target groups of the training programmes are labour officials, women workers and representatives from Central Trade Union Organisations, NGOs/Civil Societies, university students and researchers. Some of the themes of the training programmes of the Centre are indicated below:
  • Skill Development & Employment Generation
  • Fundamental of Labour Laws
  • Strengthening Awareness on Labour  Issues  and Laws Pertaining to Women Workers
  • Leadership Development Programme  for Trade Union Leaders
  • Social Protection and Livelihood Security
  • Effective Enforcement of Labour Laws in Unorganised Sector
  • Research Methods  in Labour  Studies
  • Labour Market, Employment and Social Protection in the North East
Ongoing Research Projects
  • Dynamics of Employment and Socio-Economic Reality: A Study of Children at Work in Jaintia Hills Districts of Meghalaya- Otojit Kshetrimayum & Helen R. Sekar, V.V. Giri National Labour Institute
Completed Research Projects
  • MGNREGS in Tripura: A Study on Efficiency & Equity - Indraneel Bhowmik, Tripura University, Agartala
  • Migrant and Trafficked Children in Hazardous Employment: The Case of Nagaland - T. Chubayanger, Labour Department, Government of Nagaland
  • Expansion of natural Rubber Cultivation in Tripura: Impact on Landholding, Employment and Income- S. Mohanakumar, Entrepreneurship Development Institute, Ahmedabad
  • Work Participation and Time-use pattern of Women in Rural Arunachal Pradesh- Vandana Upadhyay, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar
  •  Migration from North-East to Urban Centres: A Study of Delhi Region- Babu P. Remesh, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
  • Valuing Life in a Regulated Labour Market: A Study on Tea Plantations in Assam, India - Kalyan Das, Omeo Kumar Das Institute of Social Change and Development, Guwahati
  • Employment Situation in North Eastern Region of India:   Recent Trends   and Emerging Challenges – Partha Pratim Sahu, Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, New Delhi
  • Growth, Composition and Determinants of Rural Non-Farm Employment in North East India – Bhagirathi Panda, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong
Special Issue on North East India
  • Special Issue on Labour, Employment & Social Protection in North East India in the institute’s journal Labour & Development (ISSN 0973-0419) Vol. 20, No. 2, December 2013.
Workshops and Seminars
  • National Seminar on Youth & Skill Development in North East India was organised by the Centre for North East, V. V. Giri National Labour Institute in collaboration with Indian Council for Social Science Research-North Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong at NEHU Campus, Shillong (26-27 March, 2015)
  • National Consultation on Assessment of Research and Training Needs in North Eastern Region at Shram Shakti Bhawan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi (30th July, 2014)
  • Orientation Workshop on Conducting Household Survey at Jowai and Khliehriat, Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya (25-27 November, 2013)
  • Workshop on Labour Market, Employment & Social Protection in North East India in collaboration with Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Regional Campus Manipur at Imphal (26-28 February, 2013)
  • National Seminar on Labour and Employment Trends in North Eastern Region: Challenges and Opportunities at VVGNLI, Noida (30-31 March, 2012)
  • Workshop on Skill Development in Tourism Sector in Sikkim at Gangtok (9-11 March, 2011)
  • National Consultation on Exploring and Identifying Research Areas on Labour & Employment in North Eastern Region at Agartala (19-20 November, 2009)
Training Programmes
Number of Programmes and Participants from North Eastern States
(2009-10 to 2013-14)
No. of Programmes
Training Days
No. of participants
State-wise Number of Participants (2009-10 to 2013-14)
Ar. Pradesh
534 (27.5)
Centre Coordinator
Mr. Otojit Kshetrimayum, Associate Fellow